If you have been watching the news lately, you would have come across the new epidemic that started in China and is now sweeping across the world.
The common signs of this virus attack include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. Since there are two cases confirmed in Kerala, it is good to take necessary precautions even though all the necessary precautions are being taken to prevent the spread of the virus. If you are worried there are simple steps to take.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are viruses that are common in many varieties of animal species. According to the experts, it is very rare that the animal coronavirus infects human beings. However, the recent strain is very dangerous and is a new virus that was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei province, China but is now spreading across the world. The experts at WHO have identified respiratory symptoms like fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. More severe cases can cause pneumonia, acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and also death.
Like other viruses, this particular virus likely emerged from an animal Now the virus is being transmitted from person to person. Usually, coronavirus infections get transmitted from one person to another person only once someone who is infected is showing symptoms. But the fact that makes this particular virus more dangerous is that this particular strain may be infectious when people are not sick yet.
Why is this Coronavirus Dangerous?
Historically coronaviruses have not caused too much concern and alarm, as they are usually the reason behind the common cold. There are three strains that have developed in the last two decades, including the most recent strain, the deadly 2019-nCoV, which are causing serious illnesses. This includes respiratory issues, respiratory failure, and death.SARS is also a form of coronavirus. But the deadly strain 2019-nCoV is not the same as SARS.
The World Health Organization announced that the coronavirus is a public health emergency and hence is now an international concern. For public awareness and to keep ourselves protected from this virus, we reached out to experts to help attain some knowledge on the coronavirus and what one should do to protect themselves against it.
How do I protect myself?
Even though there are no vaccines to prevent the 2019-nCoV infection, there are some precautions you can practice to protect yourself. Experts report that the most common way viruses spread is from droplets, that land on a surface that another person touches. This person then touches his mouth or face and that is how the virus transmits.
- Washing your hands often for at least 30 seconds with soap and water
- If there is no water and soap use a sanitizer
- Touching your nose and mouth frequently must be avoided
- Do not go out when you are ill.
- When you cough, it is always a good habit to cover your mouth
- Maintain regular hygiene by keeping your surroundings clean
- Avoid being around people who have a fever or cough
- Contact the nearest hospital if they have fever, cough and breathing issues
- Avoid direct contact with live animals
- Avoid eating raw animal food
- Wearing masks help prevent spreading the virus from hand-to-mouth
- WHO advises against wearing gloves as they believe that washing hands is more important
According to the latest reports, using a hand sanitizer with at least 50% alcohol can be effective to an extent in the absence of soap and water,
What If You Have To Travel?
It is recommended that you do not plan a trip to China for some time. According to the latest reports, India has temporarily suspended the E-Visa facility for Chinese citizens and foreigners in China. But if it is unavoidable then according to experts, safeguard yourself, by washing your hands often and avoiding anyone who is ill.
The World Health Organisation is recommending people to take simple precautions to reduce exposure to the coronavirus for which there is no cure and no vaccine available. We would also recommend building immunity of young children and elderly people to naturally protect themselves from the deadly coronavirus.